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Board meetings: what they are and when to hold them

Published:  Mar 24, 2023
Suzanne Worthington
Suzanne Worthington

Senior Writer

Anna Sivula
Expert contributor
Anna Sivula

Senior Legal Associate

Corporate governance is no-one’s idea of fun but as the founder of a startup or small business, you’ll need to hold board meetings.

Regular meetings might seem like just another item on your long to-do list but done right, board meetings are an opportunity to review progress, present ideas, assess risks and make strategic decisions to keep your company on the path to success.

In this post, we’ll explain why board meetings are important, when to hold them, who should attend, what to include, and how to make the most of them. This is essential reading for founders just starting out, and a refresher for experienced entrepreneurs.


What is a board meeting?

A board meeting is any official meeting of the directors of a limited company.

At these meetings, the directors discuss topics such as performance, strategy, key performance indicators (KPIs), and new investments or initiatives. Board meetings are important opportunities to talk about higher-level plans and make sure everyone is on the same page.

Board meetings are different from general meetings which are attended by shareholders as well as the directors.

Why should startups hold board meetings?

The management of the company is almost always delegated to the board of directors (this is set out in your company’s Articles of Association).

This means that, as a starting point, all decisions need to be made by the board, either unanimously or by a majority vote at a board meeting. In reality, this can quickly become too much for the board so they will often delegate their management powers to other parts of the business.

Even if you delegate management responsibilities to your team, board meetings help you stay in regular contact and agreement with your directors, and this helps your company stay on track to reach your goals.

At board meetings, you can discuss and vote on decisions. You can discuss strategic topics such as how to allocate your budget and whether to expand into new countries, and administrative matters such as company policies and whether to set up a share option scheme.

When the board makes decisions that affect the company, these are resolutions and directors will vote to pass them. The topics you discuss, points raised and decisions made are logged in the board meeting minutes.

Did you know you can create your agenda and board minutes on SeedLegals? Our online board softwares is included with all memberships. Answer a few questions to create the agenda, then follow the prompts to record the minutes - your official documents are created automatically. Click to share the files with directors, and store everything on SeedLegals.

How often should startups hold board meetings?

There’s no minimum number of board meetings prescribed by law, but directors should meet often enough to make sure that they are meeting their obligations and statutory duties as directors.

It’s common for startups to make one of the board meetings every year an annual review of progress against targets and to discuss high-level goals.

To make sure all your board members can attend, you’ll want to invite them to the meeting several weeks in advance – but there’s nothing in UK law which says how far in advance you need to notify members about a board meeting. Your Articles of Association might specify a minimum amount notice, or say that the notice should be ‘reasonable’.

Sometimes you might want to call a board meeting at short notice if you need to make an urgent decision, for example when you’re fundraising.

It’s good practice to schedule your board meetings for the year in advance, and share the dates with directors so they can put the dates into their calendars. And towards the end of a board meeting, remind attendees about the dates for the next meetings.


Can board meetings be held online?

In the past, companies usually held board meetings in person, at the company’s HQ. Nowadays, it’s more common to hold board meetings online. This can be far more practical, especially if your board is dispersed geographically (or there’s a pandemic).

Your company Articles of Association will specify whether you can hold a board meeting virtually. Many early-stage startups use the UK government’s model Articles – which permit the company to hold board meetings online.

You’ll need to set a location for the meeting – if you hold the meeting online, you can list the location as the place where one or more of the directors join the call. For UK companies, the board meeting location should be in the UK.

The model Articles state that if directors won’t be ‘in the same place’ for the meeting, then you have to let them know how they should communicate with each other during the meeting. Given that your board members will be familiar with online meetings, it’s sufficient to simply send them the link to join the meeting.

To download guidelines on good practice for virtual board meetings, visit the The Chartered Governance Institute

80% of startups hold board meetings by video call
We looked at data for thousands of companies on SeedLegals. The vast majority of companies hold their board meetings by video call. The next most popular option is at the office - but that's only 5% of companies.
Anna Sivula

It’s fine to hold your board meeting virtually but from a practical standpoint, it can be a good idea for a quorum to be physically present in the same location as the chairperson. This way, even if there’s a technical failure and some of the directors drop off the call, your meeting can still go ahead.

For more about quorum, see below: Who should attend board meetings?

Anna Sivula

Senior Legal Associate,


    Who should attend board meetings?

    All board members are invited to board meetings – your board is made up of all your company directors. Your directors can be one or more of the following:

    • employees of the company
      For example, the CEO and COO
    • advisors
      Usually as non-executive directors
    • investor directors
      If your startup has external investors, you might have an investor who requested a board position as a condition of their investment. An investor could be a director with voting rights, or a board observer with permission to attend board meetings but no voting rights.
      Read more in our post: Should your investors get a seat on the board?

    Some of your senior managers such as co-founders, CFO, COO, Head of Product and Head of Legal, might not be directors of the company but you can choose to invite them to some or all board meetings. Your senior team members can present the company’s finances, product roadmap or milestones and KPIs, taking some of the pressure off you and being present to answer questions from board members.

    Importantly, you must have enough directors present to reach quorum. Otherwise the meeting isn’t a board meeting and you can’t pass board resolutions. If your company is an early-stage startups using the model Articles, then your quorum is two, or you can decide to set quorum at more than two. If your company has only one director, make sure your Articles set the quorum as one.

    Is it a board meeting or just a meeting?
    If your company is early stage and has only two directors, then is it a board meeting every time you meet? No - a board meeting is a formal meeting, where the attendees are invited in advance, sent the agenda and minutes are recorded.

    Do startups need a chairperson?

    Because board meetings are formal, you’ll need a Chair to run the meetings. This role could be carried out by one of the existing directors of your company, or you could appoint someone else if your company’s Articles of Association allow it.

    Your company’s Articles of Association will say whether you need to appoint a permanent chairperson who will chair all the meetings – most early stage companies don’t, but you’ll need to list someone as the Chair on the board meeting minutes.

    The Chair must:

    1. conduct the meeting properly, in line with best practice
    2. make sure attendees are invited in advance and with enough notice
    3. make sure attendees are sent the right information beforehand
    4. make sure what happens and decisions are recorded properly

    Note that for 2, 3 and 4 in this list, the Chair doesn’t actually need to do these admin tasks themselves, they just need to make sure they happen.

    In larger companies, the chairperson is expected to give impartial advice and support to directors and, like any company director, they must act in the best interests of the company, even if that conflicts with their own interests.


    Are companies required by law to hold board meetings?

    There’s no statutory requirement for private limited companies to hold board meetings, but it’s best practice to hold regular meetings to make sure the board members can meet their legal obligations as directors of the company.

    If your startup is a limited company, you should arrange a first board meeting as soon as possible after you’ve incorporated your company. At this first meeting, the directors can complete any remaining incorporation formalities, clarify their duties and set out the aims of the company.

    If your company has more than one director, when your company is up and running, it’s likely you’ll need to bring the board together regularly, and when you do, there are some legal requirements you’ll need to stick to:

    • List the names of everyone attending
    • Take minutes to record what happens
    • Record resolutions passed in the meeting
      For some resolutions, you’ll need to file the information with Companies House, for example if you appoint or remove directors.

    You must keep the records for 10 years from the date of the meeting. For more detail on what to record and how long to keep your records, visit the website and view the Companies Act.

    Board management software

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    What should be discussed at a board meeting?

    Your board meetings are an opportunity to get your directors together to talk about plans and strategy, make significant decisions and nail down company policies.

    You can discuss anything at all with your board, but you’ll want to make the most of their time by raising only the most important topics. You’ll need to decide what to discuss beforehand so you can create a clear agenda, and share it far enough in advance to give everyone time to prepare.

    Here are some common topics which startups and small businesses discuss at board meetings:

    • discuss and approve the business plan
    • review quarterly or annual accounts
    • update on company progress
      For this, you could present and discuss metrics such as current runway, new employees or leavers, number of new customers, changes to monthly recurring revenue (MMR), current efficiency and so on.
    • appoint a new director – CEO, CFO, COO etc
    • discuss potential investment into the company
    • create a subsidiary
    • enter into a partnership
    • enter a new market
    • enter into a loan agreement
    • review health and safety processes
    • review current leases
      For example, the lease for your office, equipment, vehicles etc.
    • discuss plans for holidays
      For example, staff cover over Easter, whether to close the office at Christmas etc.
    • other
      You can add any other topic, and if you like, add ‘any other business’ (AOB) as an agenda point to make it clear there will be an open forum for attendees to raise any issue.


    How to get ready for a board meeting

    The best board meetings are organised well in advance, with a clear agenda and objectives. Read more on how to get ready for a board meeting in our post: How to run a successful board meeting


    How software makes it easier to manage your board meetings

    In the old days, companies used Word, Excel and email to create documents for board meetings, register attendance, write minutes and communicate with the board. The volume of documents and complexity of mustering directors meant that managing board meetings was time-consuming and needed meticulous filing.

    Nowadays, it’s much easier to create documents and keep track of your board admin with software and online services. Some software focuses on creating board packs (the agenda plus supporting documents) and sending the packs to directors, other tools focus on logging minutes and actions.

    Because board management is a vital part of your corporate governance, every SeedLegals member has board tools included in their membership.

    With SeedLegals Board, you can:

    • set and share the agenda
    • upload and share files directors need for the meeting
    • record board minutes
    • add outcomes to agenda items (Approved, Not Approved)
    • sign and share minutes
    • add or remove a director, or edit their details
    • auto-fill your annual Confirmation Statement CS01 form


    Talk to an expert

    Want to see how easy it is to use SeedLegals to organise your board meetings and store the records? Book a free call with one of our experts and we’ll show you around.

    Suzanne Worthington

    Suzanne Worthington

    Sooze is our Senior Writer. She's obsessed with making complicated things easy to understand.
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